Type Stomach Cancer

Type Stomach Cancer

About 21,500 Americans and 2,800 Canadians are diagnosed with cancer of the stomach each year. Stomach cancer is about twice as common in men as it is in women, and it occurs much more frequently in people who have experienced long-term infection with the Helicobacter pylori bacterium. Incidence of stomach cancer varies significantly between different populations. In Japan, for example, the disease is five times more common than it is in the United States. Researchers attribute these regional risk differences to dietary differences. Diets high in smoked or cured meats appear to increase the risk of stomach cancer. In the United States, stomach cancer is now only one-fourth as common as it was in 1930. This decline may be due, in part, to the increased use of refrigeration for food storage and decreased use of salted and smoked foods.

Approximately 90 to 95 percent of all cancers of the stomach are adenocarcinomas that develop in the lining of the stomach. Cancers of the immune tissue in the stomach wall, called gastric lymphomas, make up about 4 percent of all cancers of the stomach. Gastric sarcomas develop in the muscle tissue in the stomach wall, and account for only about 3 percent of all stomach cancers.

Like many cancers of the internal organs, stomach cancer rarely produces noticeable symptoms until it has spread to other sites in the body. When symptoms are present, they may include abdominal pain, heartburn, nausea, and vomiting. Stomach cancer is rarely detected early, and only about 20 percent of people diagnosed with stomach cancer in the United States live five years or longer.

Contributed By:Karen R. Peterson

Related Post:

© 2008-2009 Pshycopymedia All rights reserved. Autism Avian Flu Health Insurance Impotence Type Stomach Cancer Tumor Suppressor GenesInsurance Costs and Quality of Health

Pshycopymedia by: skebber